الخميس، 1 ديسمبر 2011

تصريف أسماء الإشارة في اللغة الألمانية



Inflection

The pronouns dieser and jener are inflected in the same way. In German, the demonstrative adjectives (der, die, das), and (dieser, diese, dieses) with the noun dropped are used as demonstrative pronouns with the exception that the dative plural of the first group, der, as a pronoun becomes denen. The demonstrative pronouns followed by hier ("here") and da or dort (both meaning "there") are used to indicate "this" (near the speaker) and "that" (away from the speaker).


Masculine
Feminine
Plural




Nominative
der
die
die
Accusative
den
die
die
Dative
dem
der
denen
Genitive
dessen
deren
deren


Neuter


Nominative
das
Accusative
das
Dative
dem
Genitive
dessen


Masculine
Feminine
Neuter




Nominative
dieser
diese
dieses
Accusative
diesen
diese
dieses
Dative
diesem
dieser
diesem
Genitive
dieses
dieser
dieses


Plural


Nominative
diese this/ these
Accusative
diese this/ these
Dative
diesen to this/ these
Genitive
dieser of this/ these

تعليم قواعد اللغة الألمانية